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5. Employee benefit expenses

EUR 1,000 2018 2017



Wages and salaries -16,539 -21,272
Pension expenses, defined contribution plans -706 -1,125
Pension expenses, defined benefit plans (note 20) -166 -196
Other long-term employee benefit expenses
-112
Other employee benefits -1,501 -2,467
Employee benefit expenses total *) -18,911 -25,171



*) Include one-time costs EUR 591 thousand (1,091) in year 2018


Information about management compensation is presented in note 27.


Average number of employees

Finland 63 79
Ireland 0 8
Other Europe 0 1
India 414 514
Other East and Southeast Asia 0 1
Middle-East 76 70
Latin America 52 55
Total 605 727






Employee incentive scheme

The group had no effective share option incentive in financial periods 2017 - 2018