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10. Income taxes

EUR 1,000 2018 2017



Current taxes -889 -477
Withholding taxes paid abroad -3,893 -4,640
Change in withholding tax accrual (note 23) 70 153
Taxes for previous accounting periods -37 -4
Change in deferred tax assets and liabilities
-13
Other direct taxes -195
Income taxes total -4,944 -4,980






Reconciliation of effective tax rate


Income tax reconciliation between tax expense computed at statutory rates in Finland (2018 and 2017: 20.0 per cent) and income tax expense is presented below.


Profit before taxes 4,429 -10,511



Income tax using Finnish tax rates -886 2,102
Effect of different tax rates applied to foreign subsidiaries -357 -990
Non-deductible expenses and tax-free income 160 -1,391
Withholding taxes -3,823 -4,487
Taxes of prior periods -37 -4
Utilisation of previously unrecognised tax losses
-211
Taxes in income statement -4,944 -4,980